Hematite was closely associated with several of the Greek Gods. At the beginning of creation, the primal sky god, Uranus, was married to his mother, the earth goddess Gaia. They had several children, including the Titans, the Cyclops and the Hekatonkheires (100 armed giants). Uranus hated his children and banished them to Tartarus, the Greek equivalent of Hell. Gaia responded by freeing her son Cronus, the king of the Titans and the god of time-eternal, and gave him a diamond sickle. Cronus used this weapon to castrate his father Uranus and threw the genitals down into the sea, where they gave life to various beings, most famously the Furies, goddesses of vengeance, as well as Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty. As Uranus’s blood dripped down from its wound on to earth, it was petrified as Hematite. Cronus immediately took Uranus’ place as king of creation and in turn sired many children, including several of the most important Greek Gods including Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia. Cronus was terrified lest one of them kill him and so he swallowed each divine child as they were born. Once again, Gaia was determined to save her innocent children and so when her last child, Zeus, was born, she hid him away. When he was old enough, he returned to kill his father and rescue his undigested siblings. Zeus then became the new king of the gods, god of the sky and god of measured-time (days, seasons, etc.). Zeus’ own son, Ares, god of war, never attempted to usurp his place. Hematite was a sacred stone for Ares, since it was believed to heal cuts and other wounds. As a result, Greek soldiers smeared powdered Hematite on their skin before going into battle.