Equally mysterious is the question of HOW it was built, since it is composed of enormous stones that come from a mountain range more than a hundred miles away, and was built before the wheel was introduced to Britain. For centuries the obvious conclusion was “magic.” Many have said it was the Devil that moved them, who stole them from a greedy old woman.
But since the 12th century, the primary individual credited with building Stonehenge is Britain’s most powerful wizard, Merlin. The legend was first mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae – a history of Britain which is one of the primary sources for the beloved story of King Arthur. In it, the stones were originally from Africa and brought to Ireland by a race of giants who danced around them and infused them with healing power. Merlin brought the stones to England using magic and his connections with the Giants, and erected it on Salisbury Plain as a war memorial for King Aurilius Ambrosia. As the story continued, after Aurilius Amborsia’s death he was buried at Stonehenge, and he was succeed as High King by Uther Pendragon, who in turn was succeeded by his son Arthur.
Among the local people who live near Preseli Hills, a common folk-remedy for healing is to soak a small piece of Presli Bluestone in water and to drink the elixir. This type of practice is well documented throughout formerly Celtic lands. Elixirs made from “holy stones” were said to cure a wide assortment of diseases.