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Mineralogy of Ametrine
Mineral Family: Tectosilicate
Chemical Composition: SiO2 Silicon dioxide
Color: Purple and yellow
Crystal System: Hexagonal/Trigonal
Form/Habit: Pyramidal, sometimes prismatic
Fracture: Conchoidal, very brittle
Luminescence: Green, weak (short wave), very rare
Transparency: Transparent to translucent
Location: The most important Ametrine deposit is in Bolivia. Ametrine has also occasionally been found in Brazil and India within large Amethyst and Citrine deposits.
Mineral Family: Ametrine is the purple and gold variety of Quartz, which is in turn a Silicate mineral. Silicate minerals are the largest family of minerals, including more than 25% of all known minerals and 40% of all common minerals. In addition to being a major part of the Earth’s crust, Silicate minerals have also been found on the moon and in meteorites. Silicates are minerals which contain the elements Silicon (a light gray shiny metal) and Oxygen (a colorless gas). Together, these two elements form a tetrahedron – a shape similar to a pyramid – with a Silicon atom in the center and Oxygen atoms at each of the four corners. These tetrahedra connect with other chemical structures, in six different ways, to form various minerals and rocks. There are six main groups of Silicate minerals, and these main groups are further subdivided into secondary subdivisions, such as Quartz and Feldspar. Quartz is a large mineral family in its own right and its members come in every shade of the rainbow. Colorless Quartz is called Clear Quartz or Rock Crystal. Yellow Quartz is Citrine. Green Quartz is Prasiolite. Brown Quartz is Smoky Quartz. Pink Quartz is, of course, Rose Quartz. The most highly prized variety of all is Amethyst, or purple Quartz.
Formation: Ametrine is created when liquid magma from a volcanic explosion cools down and transforms into igneous rocks. During this cooling down period, silica acid bubbles shift from being a gas/liquid into a solid compound. The bubble becomes a hollow space in the igneous rock and the silica acid becomes Quartz crystals. Trace particles of iron give Ametrine its colors, otherwise the silica acid would transform into Clear Quartz. Iron can transform Clear Quartz into purple Amethyst or golden Citrine, the deciding factor is merely a matter of how quickly the silica acid cools. In order to make Ametrine, a single bubble has to cool down at two different rates!
Mining: The vast majority of Ametrine available today comes from the Anahi Mine in Eastern Bolivia. The Ametrine is mined out of veins in a dolomitic limestone mountain. The Anahi mine produces some of the finest specimens of Amethyst, Ametrine, and Citrine currently available.
Enhancements: While both Amethyst and Citrine may be lab created or otherwise enhanced, Ametrine is much more difficult to artificially reproduce. Limited quantities of synthetic Ametrine have been created in Alexandrov, Russia and used for carvings and fine gemstones. Tumbled Ametrine is almost certain to be fully natural.
History of Ametrine
The earliest known historical reference for Ametrine dates to the 16th century Spanish explorations of South America.
What is positively known, is that a conquistador, returning to Spain after adventuring in Bolivia, gave a gift of Ametrine to the Spanish Queen Juana I (1479-1555). The conquistador said that he had acquired the pretty gems as part of his wife’s dowry. Where the European history trails off, Bolivian tradition expands upon the story.
According to legend, a conquistador named Felipe de Urriola y Goitia was traveling with a Spanish expedition in Eastern Bolivia and made peaceful contact with the Ayoreo tribe. The princess of this tribe, Anahi, soon fell in love with Don Felipe and the two were married. Princess Anahi’s father gave Don Felipe an Ametrine mine as part of the marriage contract. Sometime later, Don Felipe decided it was time to return to Spain and asked Princess Anahi to go with him.
The Princess was torn in her loyalties, but ultimately agreed to follow her husband wherever he must travel. Her tribesmen did not understand her decision and conspired to murder Don Felipe. Princess Anahi warned her husband in time and he managed to flee to safety. Unfortunately, Princess Anahi was mortally injured during the conflict. As she lay dying, she begged to see her husband once more and Don Felipe returned. She placed a beautiful Ametrine in his hand and told him to keep it forever as a token of her eternal love. The stone’s dual colors perfectly expressed the feelings in her heart, which loved her husband as well as her people. Princess Anahi died in her husband’s arms, and afterwards Don Felipe was allowed to return to Spain without further conflict.
Today, virtually all Ametrines come from the Anahi Mine in Eastern Bolivia, likely the very same mine that was the Princess’s dowry 500 years ago.
Healing Properties of Ametrine
Spiritual: Ametrine combines the serenity of Amethyst with the enthusiasm of Citrine, creating a unique energy that encourages well thought-out action. It stimulates spiritual insights that lead to joy and is thus an excellent stone for mystics of any denomination. It is particularly good for anyone exploring Incan Shaminism or other forms of South American spirituality. Ametrine is an excellent meditation stone and can help us to quickly reach deeper levels of peace and tranquility. Ametrine is attuned to the Crown and Solar Plexus Chakras an linked to Gemini, Libra. It is connected to the elements of Wind and Fire and vibrates to the number 4.
Emotional: Ametrine is a joyful stone as well as a peaceful one. It encourages us to release our fears and worries and start enjoying life. It helps remind us of the awesome gift of life itself and to not let outside influences disturb our inner well-being. By its very nature, Ametrine is a stone that enhances acceptance, compatibility, encouraging self-integration and healthy relationships. Anyone who has been asked to choose between two loves will benefit from working closely with Ametrine.
Mental: Ametrine stimulates incredible creativity and enables us to make extraordinary mental leaps. The sensible energy of Amethyst is combined with the enthusiasm of Citrine, and together they help us to take control of our lives and make better choices. Ametrine also helps us to understand different points of view and to find win-win solutions. Above all, it encourages us to seek true balance in our daily lives.
Physical: Ametrine is said to be helpful for healing exhausted metabolic, endocrine and nervous systems. It is also often used by metaphysical healers to heal multiple organs that closely interact with each other, particularly the digestive and circulatory systems. Ametrine is particularly helpful for helping us to consciously recognize and accept physical changes, whether caused by aging, stress, or DNA factors. Due to the presence of Amethyst, it is also said to be good for headaches.
Always use wisdom when considering crystal therapies for healing.
Ethically Sourced Ametrine
The Miners sell to a rough Gem Dealer/Exporter.
The Gem Dealer sells to the Lapidary.
The Lapidary sells directly to Moonrise Crystals.
Moonrise Crystals sells directly to you.
The Supply Chain
The Supply Chain is clean and relatively short.
The Mine and Lapidary are in different countries and at least one middleman is involved.
This Ametrine comes from the Anahi Mine in eastern Bolivia.
Most of the mining is underground and causes relatively little environmental damage.
Learn More: Ethical Mining
This Ametrine was polished in Hong Kong, China.
The Lapidary is a female-owned business.
Factory workers have safe conditions and are paid fairly.
The Lapidary is also the direct-importer & sells exclusively at large gem shows.
Learn More: Ethical Lapidary
I first met the owner of the Hong Kong tumbling company at the 2014 Tucson Gem and Mineral Show. A language barrier coupled with the quick pace of the gem show, makes it difficult to discuss sensitive or complicated topics. Every year I speak with the owner, often asking questions about the same stones, but getting slightly different answers. The communication problem makes me highly selective about which stones I will buy from her. If the stone is from mainland China, and I can independently determine its likely mining origin, I will buy it since short supply chains are important. If a stone is from another country, I am more cautious.
Ametrine Tumbled Stone
Color: Purple and Yellow. This is a 100% natural stone, so minor variations are part of their unique beauty.
Size: 1 inch, or a little bit bigger
Weight: 1 oz
Shipping: Next business day – Domestic First Class averages 3-7 days. International First Class averages 2-3 weeks.
Safe Handling of Ametrine
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