Jade, Green (Peru)
Attract good luck, prosperity, and friendships.
Awaken hidden knowledge and inner wisdom.
Feel love and harmony within your home.
Be self-sufficient and tranquil in all things.
Let Green Jade inspire you to a more abundant life!
Mineralogy of Jade
Mineral Family: Double-chain Insosilicate
Chemical Composition: Ca2(Mg, Fe)5(Si8O22)(OH)2
Color: Green; Nephrite cal also be white and black
Crystal System: Monoclinic
Fracture: Splintery, brittle
Luster: Dull to waxy
Transparency: Translucent to opaque
Location: Jadeite and Nephrite are two distinct minerals, both of which are commonly called “Jade.” Nephrite is much more common and far more inexpensive. Deposits are found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Mexico, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, United States (Alaska, California, and Wyoming), and Zimbabwe.
Mineral Family: Most of the Green Jade on the market is Nephrite. The term “Jade” can refer to either Jadeite or Nephrite, two completely distinct Silicate minerals. Silicate minerals form the largest family of minerals, including more than 25% of all known minerals and 40% of all common minerals. In addition to being a major part of the Earth’s crust, Silicate minerals have also been found on the moon and in meteorites. Silicates are minerals which contain the elements Silicon (a light gray shiny metal) and Oxygen (a colorless gas). Together, these two elements form a tetrahedron – a shape similar to a pyramid – with a Silicon atom in the center and Oxygen atoms at each of the four corners. These tetrahedra connect with other chemical structures, in six different ways, to form various minerals and rocks. There are six main groups of Silicate minerals, and these main groups are further subdivided into secondary subdivisions, such as Quartz and Feldspar. Jadeite belongs to the “Single-Chain Inosilicate” group, making it closely related to Astrophyllite, Diopside, Kunzite, Nuummite, and Rhodonite. Technically Nephrite isn’t actually the mineral name, but rather the name given to either Tremolite or Actinolite, two virtually identical minerals. But “Nephrite” is the name commonly used within gemstone industry, just as the name “Jade” is used by the general public.
Formation: Nephrite Jade is typically formed by contact metamorphism. Contact metamorphism occurs when an igneous intrusion disrupts existing rocks, and the heat and pressure from the intrusion causes the stones to melt and recrystallize. This process creates new minerals, and the rocks to become metamorphic. Nephrite is particularly likely to appear if the original stone was magnesium-rich Limestone, which during the metamorphic process becomes marble.
Mining: Nephrite Jade is mined at its primary location, while usually found as small rocks and sheets, occasionally a large find is found, like the “Polar Pride” found in 2000 in British Columbia, Canada. Most Nephrite Jade is destined for the Chinese market.
Enhancements: Much of the “Jade” sculptures and ornaments on the market are fake (made of glass and plastic) or dyed. When the Jade is authentic, it is almost always Nephrite. True Jadeite is very expensive! Green Jade tumbled stones are virtually always Nephrite and are fully natural, enhanced only by the tumbling process itself.
Synonyms: Jadeite, Nephrite
History of Jade
Jadeite and Nephrite are two distinct minerals, both of which are commonly called “Jade.” Jade has been treasured since the dawn of history in Eastern Asia and Central/South America, where most of the larger deposits are found. In China and Japan, as well as in the Aztec language, the words for “Jade” and “precious stone” are, in fact, identical. In Eastern Asia, Jade has much of the same allure that diamonds do in the West. In fact, the most desirable form of Jade, “Imperial Jadeite” (vibrant emerald green), has been sold for millions per carat on the modern market. Only a single gemstone, the vivid “Pink Star Diamond,” has commanded a better price per carat!
Long before the dawn of civilization, early man was attracted to Jade, for both utility and beauty. Jade can hold an edge better than most stones, and so was made into prehistoric ax-heads, hammers, carving implements, and other sharp tools. The oldest known Jade tool has been dated between 8000-9000 BCE! Because Jade can be easily carved and polished, it has also been used to make statues and charms for thousands of years. Jade carvings often carry deep meanings, making them more than just simple decorations. For example, in China a carving of a Jade mountain symbolizes the wish for a long life, while a Jade butterfly symbolizes the immortality of the soul and power of love.
Because Jadeite and Nephrite look very similar, they were not scientifically distinguished as two separate minerals until 1863. However, master Chinese craftsmen have long noticed that some Jade (specifically that from Myanmar/Burma) is harder and denser, and also is somewhat easier to carve and takes a higher polish. As a result, it became the preferred variety, especially when found with a vivid color. This type of Jade is now known as Jadeite. All other Jades, including those found in the Americas, are properly called Nephrite.
The greatest source for Jade lore comes from China. According to one legend, Jade is the petrified tears of dragons who have cried whenever China was conquered by invaders. Another story relates that Jade is the concentrated essence of true love. As a result, Jade is traditionally often given to newlyweds, and is said to assure the quick and easy birth of an heir. Newborn babies in the East have worn Jade amulets to protect them from childhood diseases for centuries. Countless generations of businessmen have carried Jade in their pockets to help them during negotiations, while many farmers traditionally bury Jade near their crops to protect them from both heavy rain and drought.
Among the Chinese royal and noble classes, Jade’s allure was even more marked. In the Chinese writing system, the original word for “king” took the form of a string of Jade beads. Confucius wrote about the “eleven virtues of Jade,” which corresponded with the ethical behavior of the feudal upper class. For example, Jade’s soft glossy texture symbolized the importance of “benevolence.” Confucius himself was closely linked to Jade. According to legend, his birth was announced by a unicorn who gave his mother a Jade tablet, and proclaiming that he would be the greatest of all philosophers, and a “throneless” king.
Chinese religious ceremonies and Feng shui also call for Jade ornaments, of specific shapes and colors. A piece of round Green Jade symbolizes heaven, while a square of Yellow Jade symbolizes earth. When used together, they symbolize the soul in balance. Black Jade was for the North, Red Jade for South, White Jade for West, and Green Jade for East, when used together they are thought to bring harmony to a person or space.
Jade holds an especially important place in the Tao religion. For example the supreme god is known as the Jade Emperor, who lives in a Jade Palace, on top of a Jade Mountain, 3000 feet in circumference and height. At the foot of the Jade Mountain, is the Jade Lake, near which blooms the Jade Tree, which can give immortality. The Jade Emperor has the power to grant earthly prayers and it is to him that most devotees address their pleas.
Jade also holds an important place in traditional Chinese medicine. It is typically powdered or reduced into pebbles the size of rice grains, and ingested. It is said to relieve heart-burn and asthma, strengthen the lungs and heart, as well as increase the sheen of the hair. When Jade is made into a tonic with rice and dew-water, it is said to strengthen the muscles, improve flexibility, and calm the mind. When mixed instead with gold or silver, it was said to prolong life itself.
Similarly, Jade was given special meaning in Central and South America. It was used for medicinal purposes, buried with nobles, and used to bring man into peace and harmony with his environment. Many examples of fine Jade carvings have been found belonging to the Mayan, Aztec, and the mysterious Olmec civilizations. Natives in Brazil have handed down Jade amulets for generations, believing that they protect the family against diseases and poison. A similar tradition was also followed in New Zealand among the Maori. They believed that precious Jade could only be found with the help of a wizard, who was aided by the spirits of the dead. When a piece of Jade was found, it would be carved to represent ancestors, and passed down through the male line as a source of power and strength.
Because Jade wasn’t introduced to Europe until the 16th century, it was not included in ancient or medieval European lapidaries, texts which describe gemstones and their powers. It is thought that Marco Polo described Jade in his travels, possibly even visiting a Nephrite mine in central Asia in 1295. Marco Polo refers to the stone as a “jasper,” a generic term during the medieval period referring to any variety of green stone. In the 14th century lapidary by Chevalier Jean de Mandeville, there is a stone called Silente which most likely was a reference to Jade. Accordingly, Silente, “waxes and wanes like the moon. It protects pregnant women and helps them deliver on time. It brings peace and agreement and helps to reconcile lovers. It raises the morals and lessens inflammation.”
Jade was properly introduced to Europe by explorers returning from the New World, and it is from this period that we can trace the etymological origin of the names, Nephrite and Jadeite. In Europe, Jade was originally called by the Greek names, lapis nephriticus (stone for the kidneys) and the Spanish name, piedra de hijada (stone of the flank) since Jade was used by the Aztecs to treat kidney and bowel conditions. Over time, piedra de hijada became first l’ejade, and then simple “Jade.” When gemologists discovered that Jade was actually two minerals in the nineteen century, they called the more precious variety “Jadeite” and used “Nephrite,” from lapis nephriticus, for the more common variety.
The foundation for European beliefs about Jade can be traced to a 16th century medical book. In 1569, Dr. Nicolas Monardes of Seville, a Spanish physician and botanist, made the first European reference to Jade in his Historia medicinal de las cosas que se traen de nuestras Indias Occidentales (Medical Study of the Products Imported from our West Indian Possession). Dr. Monardes described the physical appearance of Nephrite Jade and how it was commonly carved in Central America. He then wrote, “The Indians used to wear them attached for kidney or gastric pains, for they had marvelous efficiency for both these infirmities…This stone has an occult property by means of which it exercises a wonderful prophylactic effect [preventing diseases].” To further illustrate his point, he included descriptions of various European gentlemen and noble ladies who had worn Jade to overcome various illnesses or reduce pain. For centuries afterward, many physicians and noble patients wore Jade bracelets or beads to cure numerous ailments. Some recommended that Jade be worn constantly, while others cautioned against overuse, so that the body wouldn’t become too tolerant of it, causing it to be less effective over time.
Healing Properties of Green Jade
Spiritual: Green Jade has a wonderful energy, both peaceful and joyful. It encourages us to enjoy the simple fact that we are alive, to love, to struggle, to learn, and just to be what we truly are – spiritual beings on a mortal journey. Green Jade teaches us how to live in harmony, both inside our own skin as well as with the larger world. It also attracts financial abundance and good luck, from the standpoint that when our physical needs are attended to properly, we have the time and energy to devote ourselves to developing our spiritual self. Green Jade dismisses both scarcity-thinking and greed, reminding us that we deserve to live well and that we don’t need to take from others in order to take care of ourselves. Green Jade is attuned to the Heart Chakra and linked to the astrological signs of Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Libra. It is connected to the element of Earth and vibrates to the numbers 5 and 11.
Emotional: Green Jade has a calm, soothing energy that helps us to look on the bright side and not be discouraged by difficulties. Green Jade attracts true friends and loyal partners, helping us build a strong emotional support system. It reminds us to actively love and nurture the important people in our lives – including our own self! Green Jade is also very good for healing dysfunctional relationships when both people are dedicate to the process, for example, a couple undergoing marriage counseling. But, when only one person is willing to do the work for a healthy relationship, Green Jade encourages us to stop giving the unhealthy relationship our attention and energy. Instead, Green Jade reminds us that we are self-sufficient in ourselves and worthy of true love. It asks us to give our energy to relationships that feed our heart and soul. When we focus on giving and receiving emotional nourishment like this, our lives naturally become playful and peaceful.
Mental: Green Jade has a thoughtful energy, helping us to see situations clearly and objectively, and not be distracted by habitual negative thinking. It is a hopeful stone, but also one that encourages us to look at life from a logical point of view, to see systems and patterns, and problem solve accordingly. Green Jade encourages tolerance, inclusiveness, and practicality. It helps us to break down complex ideas into smaller and more manageable chunks, so they can be acted upon more easily. Green Jade is also a stone of sudden inspiration, that “Eureka!” moment of understanding which moves us into positive action.
Physical: Green Jade is used by metaphysical healers to heal the physical heart and soothe the nervous system. It is also said to be a particularly good stone for the kidneys and adrenal glands. It is believed to increase fertility and ease childbirth.
Always use wisdom when considering crystal therapies for healing.
Ethically Sourced Green Jade
The Miners sell directly to the Lapidary.
The Lapidary sells directly to Moonrise Crystals.
Moonrise Crystals sells directly to you.
The Supply Chain
The Supply Chain is short and clean.
The Mine and Lapidary are located in the same country.
This Green Jade comes from an industrial zinc mine in Peru.
The exact mine is unknown, but would have relatively safe conditions for miners.
Learn More: Ethical Mining
This Green Jade was polished in Peru.
The Lapidiary is part of a larger business that specializes in metal exploration for Peruvian industrial mines.
Mining byproducts are polished and sold to collectors.
Factory workers have safe conditions and are paid fairly.
The Lapidary is also the direct-importer & sells exclusively at large gem shows.
Learn More: Ethical Lapidary
I purchased from this source a few times during the earlier years of my business. They sell a variety of polished stones from Peru, including tumbled stones. It is a large company and I have never met the owner. I chose to purchase from them based on my knowledge of Peruvian mining practices.
I’ve since learned that while the company is based in Peru and deals only in Peruvian stones, it is in fact owned by a private tech company based in Australia and Hong Kong. The tech company specializes in an augmented reality social shopping app. When it is time to restock this stone, I would like to find a smaller source.
Jade Tumbled Stone
Color: Dark green, with yellow and black spots. This is a 100% natural stone, so minor variations are part of their unique beauty.
Size: 1 inch, or a little bit bigger
Weight: 1 oz
Shipping: Next business day – Domestic First Class averages 3-7 days. International First Class averages 2-3 weeks.
Safe Handling of Green Jade
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